Electric scooters and skateboards are making their rounds around the world. Ever since their introduction in California, micromobility is taking the world by storm. In European countries, you can expect them to react in force.
Every European country has its rules and regulations for e-scooters and e-boards. Some countries will treat them like bicycles and toys and regulate them like so. Some others, like the UK, will ban them outright and give the strictest provisions of the law.
If you live in a European nation or are looking to visit one, it’s best to learn about local laws. In doing so, you’re excusing yourself from the possibility of a fine. We listed every European and Trans-European country in the world. We gathered all the known laws that show where you can ride your favorite micromobility devices.
Let’s explore where you can go.
Understanding Legislations For Electric Scooters
In Europe, legislation for electric scooters and skateboards come widely from all places. As every local has a different culture, expect different reactions to these vehicles too.
Many European countries are in the middle of learning the value of these devices through pilot programs. This discovery phase provides many countries with the right information on how the population uses micromobility.
Most legislation for electric scooters will try to regulate them as bicycles. As they are low-speed vehicles, this allows governments to put them into a nice, easy bracket. Doing so can be good as it can protect pedestrians and riders from any accidents.
European countries also consider a meager speed, between 10 – 15 mph (16 – 24 km/h). This gives them the same rate as pedal-powered bicycles and reduces the danger to others.
If you plan on using electric scooters, consider to use them only on your first 2 to 3 miles (3.2 – 5 km). In short distances, e-scooters are great for sightseeing or short commutes. Anything more can be a challenge to your time.
Most of the strict regulations for e-scooters come about from pedestrian use. In many events, pedestrians leave and park electric scooters in random places. This causes much distress to pedestrians and vulnerable people, including senior citizens, children, and the disabled.
Much of the criticism also comes from the safety aspect of electric scooters. Riders underestimate the speed and power that an electric scooter brings. This results in a spike of severe injuries from neglect and misuse of the device.
What Is Happening With Electric Skateboard Legislations?
If there is widespread adoption or regulation of e-scooters, it’s not the same with electric skateboards. Due to their nature, e-boards don’t have corresponding legislation. Many countries have regulatory black holes for electric skateboards.
In many situations, the regulation of electric skateboards comes the same way as e-scooters. They are in the same bracket as bicycles, with the same rules and regulations. Some countries will even treat them as toys and allow for use on pavements.
In a gray area, exercise caution. Many e-skateboarders report getting a favorable reaction from law enforcement when they follow the rules. Wear protective equipment at all times and stay on bike lanes or rightmost lanes on roads.
Check with your local ordinances for any possible issues. It’s best to exercise good behavior to receive favorable treatment.
Albania does not have a verifiable electric scooter or electric skateboard laws. Much of the use of micromobility is in the realm of toys or recreational devices. Its use is not as well-spread out enough to warrant extensive legislation.
If you’re bringing e-scooters and e-skateboards to Albania, it’s best to follow the rules of the road. Common sense safety laws are the best move.
Andorra does not have any specific legislation that targets electric scooter or skateboard use. Micromobility use is sporadic and leans more towards business or recreational use rather than transport.
Plan to ride electric scooters and skateboards in Andorra? Check with local laws for their legality and keep safety a priority.
Armenia has a growing community of electric scooter users, limited in Yerevan. Local e-scooter providers like Youdrive Lite are testing the market to improve acceptance. Most of the country is still looking for better cultural recognition of micromobility.
Electric skateboards are still not big enough to enact legislation. Their use is still in the spectrum of recreational use. Keep safe and follow local laws.
- A local government may pass permits for e-scooters with a max wattage of 600 W and top speed of 15.5 mph (25 km/h).
- All e-scooters are limited to 600 W and 15.5 mph (25 km/h) a top speed.
- Must follow all rules and responsibilities for cyclists
- User must have a bike license
- 12 year old or below users must be with a person 16 years old or above
- E-scooters must have braking, reflectors, and retroreflectors, white front lights and red backlights
- Must not endanger the public with their use
As for electric skateboards, they are under the category of toy vehicles by law. Exercise safety on the road when using your e-skateboards.
Azerbaijan does not have a public electric scooter or e-skateboard laws. The use of the vehicles is as toys or recreational devices. Their purpose is not enough to warrant extensive legislation.
If you’re bringing e-scooters and e-skateboards to Azerbaijan, follow the rules of the road. Follow safety laws to the best of your abilities.
Electric scooter use has no specific legislation at the moment. Ride-sharing systems like Eleven are going for pilot programs in Minsk. So far, you need to be at least 18 years old, and you can ride them on sidewalks, bike lanes, and places where traffic allows them.
Electric skateboards don’t have any specific legislation either.
Electric scooters are subject to the same rules and responsibilities as bicycles in Belgium. Their original maximum speed limit was 11.2 mph (18 km/h) to 15.5 mph (25 km/h). Users must be at least 18 years old and rideable only on bike paths.
Belgium has the same attitude towards electric skateboards, treating them as bicycles.
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina allow the use of electric scooters similar to bicycles. Any e-scooter with a maximum speed of 15.5 mph (25 km/h) is not subject to licensing. A bicycle helmet is also a requirement to ride on bike paths.
There are no clear electric skateboard laws in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Follow the rules of the road.
Bulgaria has set ground rules for e-scooter pilot programs in Sofia. The use of electric scooters similar to bicycles, subject to a top speed of 15.5 mph (25 km/h). They are usable in bike paths, and all people 16 years and above can ride electric scooters.
Electric skateboards are not in meaningful use that warrants legislation. They are akin to toys and are not in use as public transport options. It’s best to ride them with caution and follow safety procedures.
- At least two wheels
- Power no higher than 250 W
- Top speed of 15.5 mph (25 km/h)
If the device has a higher top speed or wattage, it will go under the moped classification. Mopeds are subject to registration and licensing laws.
Electric kick scooter ride-sharing needs users to be at least 18 years old to use their products.
The Czech Transport Ministry banned electric scooters on sidewalks unless designated as bike paths. Under bike categories, a device should have power no higher than 1000 W and 15.5 mph (25 km/h).
Electric skateboards follow the same rules and go under the umbrella of bicycles.
Riding electric scooters on bike lanes is legal and the norm in Denmark. Some of the limits set by the legislation include requiring users to be at least 15 years old. The maximum speed for e-scooters is at 12 mph (20 km/h).
The same applies to electric skateboards. The law needs its users to have lights on the front and rear at all times.
Estonia’s Ministry of Economic Affairs is looking to put forth proper legislation about e-scooters and e-skateboards. The proposal will amend the current Traffic Act 2013. This amendment would require riders to:
- Limit their speed to 12.4 mph (20 km/h)
- Ban their use on sidewalks
- Have riders at least 16 years old
- Wear a helmet when riding
Micromobility vehicles fall under the Traffic Act’s mini moped definition. This lists them to have a maximum speed of 15.5 mph (25 km/h) and a max power of 1000 W.
Finland defines electric scooters and skateboards as light electric vehicles. Light electric vehicle requirements include a maximum of 31 inches (80 cm) width. They can only have a max output of 1000 W and a maximum speed of 15.5 mph (25 km/h).
Light electric vehicles need to obey the same traffic laws as cyclists. This extends to a ban on pedestrian sidewalks and the use of helmets.
France enacted new rules for electric scooter use in their cities. Starting on the last Saturday of October, e-scooter riders must be at least 12 years old and cannot ride on pavements. By 2020, a maximum two-wheeled speed will go down from its current 30 mph (50 km/h).
Electric skateboards are not under heavy regulation in France. Obey the rules of the road and keep safety as a priority.
Electric scooters classify as two-wheel electric scooters under Georgia legislation. Users need to be at least 14 years old and should use the devices on the pavements, roads, and bike lanes. They need to wear special helmets for safety and may not exceed 12.4 mph (20 km/h).
There is no direct legislation of electric skateboards under Georgia law.
Electric scooters in Germany are legal to use on bicycle roads or streets. The law prohibits their use in Autobahn or pedestrian streets and should stay at 12.4 mph (20 km/h). They need no license, but there is a minimum of 14 years of age. Insurance is mandatory.
Electric skateboards follow the same laws.
In Greece, electric scooters and skateboards are legal to use. There are no restrictions to where they are usable and show to be a hit among Athenians and Thessalonikians. They can go as fast as 15.5 mph (25 km/h).
Helmets are mandatory when using electric micromobility. Riders should be at least 18 years old.
Hungary is running a pilot program in 2019 to understand the impact of electric scooters in Budapest. Users must be at least 18 years old and are usable on bike lanes.
There are no clear electric skateboard laws in Hungary. Follow the rules of the road and check with your local traffic ordinance.
Iceland is in its infancy of using electric scooters in 2019. Reykjavik started its first e-scooter rental in October 2019. Riders must follow the same rules as cyclists and wear the right safety equipment. E-scooters can run up to 15.5 mph (25 km/h).
Electric skateboards do not have proper definitions in Iceland. Follow common-sense road safety and check with local traffic officers where you can.
Electric scooters classify as electric kick scooters and are in a legal gray area. The Road Safety Authority is still looking towards how other countries will adapt to e-scooters.
As for electric skateboards, the RSA classifies them as mechanically propelled vehicles or MPV. MPV units need to follow the same rules as road vehicles. This includes titling, registration, insurance, and road-worthiness.
The national government of Italy has no clear information about electric vehicles. The entire national government gave the power to decide on local rules to city authorities. There are also no ad hoc rules regarding the use of such vehicles.
Kazakhstan does not have any legislation for electric scooter or skateboard use. Micromobility vehicle use is sporadic. E-scooters are no different.
Plan to ride electric scooters and skateboards in Kazakhstan? Check with local laws for potential legislation and keep to safety standards where you can.
Electric scooter users in Latvia need to follow the rule of the road. There are no specific requirements for its use anywhere. It is in the same boat with electric skateboards.
It’s best to follow the rules of the road and observe total caution.
Liechtenstein does not have any clear laws or bylaws that keep electric devices in check. The same goes for electric skateboards due to the small population of the principality.
Lithuania does not consider restrictions on electric scooters. However, here’s been talk about introducing stricter rules in the future. At the moment, e-scooters with a power up to 250 W are allowed. Although riding on the sidewalk is not prohibited, it is recommended to use cycling roads whenever possible.
The law for electric skateboards is unclear in Lithuania. There is no mention of e-boards in the Lithuanian laws; therefore, following the rules of the road and common sense is recommended.
Luxembourg does not have specific laws that pertain to electric scooters. Even then, it is in a pilot program for ride-sharing apps and learning its impact on its citizens. The current highway code gives e-scooters the same rights and responsibilities as cyclists.
Electric skateboards do not have any specific laws that regulate their use. It’s best to follow any local traffic rules and regulations and keep everyone’s safety a priority.
All e-scooters in Malta are for use only in bike lanes and roads. The use of electric scooters on arterial roads will result in a 200 € fine. Riders must be at least 18 years old, holding a driver’s license and valid insurance.
E-scooters also need registration with Transport Malta. They can have a maximum speed of 6.2 mph (10 km/h) on promenades and 12.4 mph (20 km/h) on roads. Anyone riding at night needs to have a high visibility vest and helmet.
The same provision goes for electric skateboards under 65.26 Low-powered vehicles and pedal cycles regulation. Part III in Motorised scooters specify the law.
There is no verifiable public information about electric scooter or skateboard laws in Moldova.
If you’re bringing e-scooters and e-skateboards to Moldova, follow the rules of the road. Common sense safety laws can help.
Monaco bans the use of electric micromobility vehicles on roads and sidewalks. This can result in a fine, except when used on the Albert-I quay and the Larvotto promenade. Electric and pedal-powered bicycles are still the only option for last-mile riders.
The legislation is still on the way for the use of electric scooters and skateboards in Montenegro. Potential amendments in their traffic laws are to come. The Ministry of Internal Affairs of Montenegro requests riders to exercise safety on roads and pavements.
E-scooters and e-skateboards are in widespread use without many definition in Montenegro.
In the Netherlands, it is legal to ride an electric scooter as long as you follow RDW’s authorization. Riders must be at least 16 years old and insured. Electric scooters need to have a plate as proof of registration and are allowed on bike lanes with a maximum speed of 15.5 mph (25 km/h).
Electric skateboards in the Netherlands are not for use on public roads. They are toys and are for use with precaution.
North Macedonia (formerly Macedonia)
There are no well-defined laws for riding e-scooters in North Macedonia. Ride-sharing providers need at least a valid driver’s license to afford their services. Electric skateboards are the same too.
Exercise safety first in any decision.
Norway is in its experimental stage of understanding the impact of electric scooters. As of mid-2019, Oslo has unregulated use of e-scooters, resulting in chaos. Users need to follow the city’s 12.4 mph (20 km/h) speed limit for scooters.
Electric skateboards are within the same realm as bicycles and need to follow the same rules. They need to use bike lanes and cannot go faster than 12.4 mph (20 km/h).
Legislation for electric scooters in Poland is underway. From the proposal, several details will restrict the scope of electric scooters as bicycles. This makes them usable on bike paths only, with more information that includes:
- Deck no wider than 35 inches (90 cm)
- Length of up to 49 inches (125 cm)
- Weigh no more than 44 lbs (20 kg)
- A maximum speed of 15.5 mph (25 km/h)
Electric skateboards in Poland with a maximum speed of 15.5 mph (25 km/h) is a low-speed vehicle. They can travel on public roads with restrictions.
In Portugal, there are no national regulations that cover electric scooters. Instead, much of the law comes to local municipalities and cities. The collective knowledge in Portugal is to follow basic guidelines like using bike lanes and wearing helmets.
There is also no verifiable information about rules and regulations about e-skateboards in Portugal. It’s best to exercise safety precautions and follow the rules of the road.
Draft legislation is on its way to amend the Romanian Traffic Code, adding e-scooters to its definitions. Its stipulations include a maximum speed of 25 mph (40 km/h) and a maximum power of 2000 W. E-scooters are for use on bike lanes, and riders must be 14 years old or above.
There is no clear information about regulations on electric skateboards in Romania.
Russia treats electric scooters as bikes, asking users to stick to rightmost lanes, bike tracks, and pavements. Users should wear helmets for protection and provide reflective objects for night riding.
Electric skateboards in Russia are not under regulation and are free to use. Exercise safety and follow the rules of the road.
There are no public regulations about electric scooter or skateboard laws in San Marino.
If you’re bringing e-scooters and e-skateboards to San Marino, follow the rules of the road. Exercise the utmost safety and follow local ordinances.
There are no regulations on who can ride electric scooters in Serbia. Legislations are still on its way to understand what kind of categories e-scooters fall. Implementing laws should be available in 2020.
Electric skateboards in Serbia have no regulations and classify as a toy. Use caution when riding them in public.
In Slovakia, the Road Traffic Act classifies electric scooters as non-motorized vehicles. In doing so, they have the same rights and responsibilities as bicycles. Riders need to wear the necessary equipment and follow the same rules of the road.
There is no accurate information on the current use of electric skateboards in Slovakia. It’s best to talk to your local government unit to learn its legality.
There is upcoming legislation in Slovenia that will restrict the use of e-scooters. Under this law, e-scooters are only usable in bike lanes and pedestrian areas. It will also limit them to a maximum speed of 15.5 mph (25 km/h). They will be subject to the same rules as bicycles.
Electric skateboards in Slovenia are in a legal gray area. It’s best to follow the rules of the road and exercise caution.
In Spain, any personal mobility vehicle like electric scooters and skateboards now have vehicle classifications. They are not for use in pavements, with a maximum speed of 15.5 mph (25 km/h). Users would also need circulation certificates and insurance. Riders would also need to wear reflective vests.
Sweden classifies e-scooters as bicycles and affords them the same responsibilities. It bans the use of motorized scooters faster than 12.4 mph (20 km/h). The same is true with electric skateboards.
E-skateboards will classify as bikes if it has lights, a bell, and goes below 12.4 mph (20 km/h). It should have less than 250 W in power too.
Switzerland allows the use of electric scooters and treats them as bicycles. They have the same rights and privileges of bike users, including bike paths. They can only have a maximum speed of 15.5 mph (25 km/h).
Electric skateboards are not allowed to be used in public as per Swiss law. They are not street legal.
There are no clear guidelines for electric scooters and skateboards in Turkey. It’s best to consult your local city rules for any possible regulations on the matter.
There are no public regulations about e-scooters or e-skateboards in Ukraine.
The use of electric scooters and skateboards in Ukraine would require you to follow the road rules. Exercise safety at all times.
United Kingdom (UK)
The United Kingdom banned the use of electric scooters in any way, shape, or form in public. They are only usable on private land, under the approval of the landowner.
Electric skateboards are a gray area in UK legislation. It’s best to wear protective gear when going out with an electric skateboard or stay in private lands.
Vatican City (Holy See)
E-scooters or e-skateboards in the Vatican have no regulation. Most of the Vatican is low traffic pedestrian space for the Catholic faithful. It can be insensitive culturally to bring such devices.
Exercise safety and cultural sensitivity all the time.
The micromobility revolution is in our grasp. With electric scooters and skateboards, we can enjoy last-mile transport in a fun, easy way. Even then, not all countries will share our outlooks and do what they think is best for their people.
When using your mobility devices, follow the law. Safety is the top priority, and it is crucial to make sure you protect yourself and others. Wear protective gear, especially a helmet, and it may save your life.
Make sure to check with any local ordinance first before using your micromobility devices. Even if there are gray areas in their regulation, ordinances can exist to handle such black holes. Your discretion can be the difference between life and death when you ride your electric vehicles.
The last update on May 2020
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