Electric Scooter and Skateboard Laws in America (All States)

Electric Scooter and Skateboard Laws (All U.S. States)

E-scooters and electric skateboards are the hottest techs in micromobility. With new technology also comes newer regulations that ensure everyone is safe. Taking these into account should keep you and everyone around you safe from harm.

Electric scooter and skateboard laws in America vary from state to state. Federal laws defer to states and even city laws to exercise regulation of low-power electric vehicles. Most states and city laws prohibit the use of micromobility vehicles in sidewalks and pedestrian walkways. Some states even subject them to local traffic laws and speed limits.

What’s the regulation for your state? What are the local laws in your area, and how far-reaching are they? Take a look at our comprehensive list and make sure to follow them when you get out.

Alabama

In the state of Alabama, there are separate laws regarding electric scooters and skateboards. Electric scooters, e-bikes, and mopeds are under the category of “motor-driven cycles.” Under local DMV laws, users would need a motorcycle license with a B-restriction. B-restriction limits motor-driven cycle use for anyone 14 years old or above.

For electric skateboards, however, their treatment complies with Title 10 Sec. 10-1-2 in Alabama. It states that any roller skates, coaster, or toy vehicles should stay on sidewalks. They have the full rights applicable to a pedestrian. Even so, riders should keep the safety of everyone as a top priority.

Alaska

In Alaska, any motorized vehicle that is not 100% human-powered is not a bicycle under law. Alaska Statute 28.90.990 considers them as scooters and are not for use in sidewalks, bike paths, and recreational trails. These need at least an M2 Class license to operate.

There are two exceptions to the rule, as per Clause 12. An “electric personal motor vehicle” is an exception for “Segway-style” vehicles and the like with four different qualifications. Your vehicle should be:

  • A self-balancing vehicle with two non-tandem wheels
  • Designed to transport one person
  • Uses electric propulsion
  • Has a top speed less than 15 mph (24 km/h)

If your e-scooter or skateboard qualifies, you should be good to go.

Arizona

Arizona has laxer but well-defined laws for electric skateboards and scooters. This is due to the passing of SB1398 that defined proper laws regarding e-vehicle use. To be specific, the law states all miniatures and electric scooters are not motor vehicles. This subjects users to the same rights as bicycle users around the state.

Users of micromobility devices, including e-skateboards, are free from state fees. One caveat is that electric scooters list a unique identification using letters and numbers. These should be visible from five feet (1.52 m) away, similar to a license plate.

Even then, the license plate clause doesn’t have to enable legislation, keeping the law murky.

Arkansas

In the state of Arkansas, a new 2019 act allows electric scooter companies to set up shop. Arkansas Act 1015 also underscores that electric scooters are only for ages 16 and up. The e-scooter should also not go beyond 15 mph (24 km/h).

Electric skateboards go under the Arkansas Motor Vehicle Commission (AMVC) Rule 5. E-skateboards are under specialty vehicles and are exempt from regulation and licensure.

California

California has among the most complicated but well-defined laws concerning electric vehicles. The state DMV of California states that motorized scooters don’t require registration, license plates or insurance. Riders can use bicycle paths, trails, or bikeways but not sidewalks.

There are specific requirements for motorized scooters, including:

  • A valid driver’s license or instruction permit
  • A fastened helmet for anyone under 18 years old
  • Travel without passengers
  • Travel by carrying a cargo that hampers the rider’s ability to hold the handlebars
  • On the highway with chopper-style handlebars above the shoulder line
  • On roads with posted speeds higher than 25 mph (40 km/h) unless in Class II or IV bikeways
  • Speeds greater than 15 mph (24 km/h)

For electric skateboards, AB604 defines the limitations when using the micromobility vehicle. This includes:

  • Wearing a helmet
  • The rider should be 16 years old or above
  • Not under the influence of drugs or alcohol
  • Riding on roads with a speed limit under 35 mph (56 km/h)
  • Prohibited to ride on highways
  • Top speed at 20 mph (32 km/h)
  • The board should have an average power of 1000 watts or less
  • Prohibited to ride in public property more than 15 mph (24 km/h)
  • At night, the rider or the board must have a white front headlight, yellow side reflectors, and red reflectors on the rear

If your e-skateboard doesn’t fit any of these, it is illegal to ride in public.

Colorado

Colorado changed its laws that excluded electric scooters as toys. Under House Bill 19-1221, electric scooters should be now for use on roadways. This affords the riders the same rights and privileges as electrical-assisted bikes under Colorado law.

Electric skateboards that go under 20 mph (32 km/h) are under the definition of bicycles. These boards have the same limitations as bicycles and will undergo the same treatment.

Connecticut

There are unclear laws when it comes to Connecticut’s statutes on electric scooters and skateboards. For one, the state defines electric scooters as motor-driven vehicles. The exact definition lists them:

  • With a motor no more than 750 W
  • A seat height not less than 26 inches (66 cm)
  • The speed limit of 20 mph (32 km/h)

The exact law neither underscores nor defines rules for electric skateboards and scooters. The Connecticut DMV, however, prohibits the use of vehicles with seats below 26 inches (66 cm).

Delaware

Delaware’s Title 21 Ch. 41 Sc 12 Provision 4198N states that motorized scooters and skateboards are under the ban at public highways, streets, and sidewalks. The exceptions to this include:

  • Non-motorized operation of the vehicle
  • Special events with prearranged schedules under permit from the government

Delaware law also puts further statutes for its use with careless operation in both private and public places. Anything that causes damage, disturbance, or use under the influence is subject to penalties.

Florida

There are no exact details about Florida’s statutes on electric scooters and skateboards. The nearest definition lumps them in with motorized personal mobility devices. The precise definition lists them:

  • With a motor with a maximum output of 750 W
  • The speed limit of 20 mph (32 km/h)

The 2019 Florida Statute 316.2068 states that they are usable on streets and roads allowed for bicycles. Anyone below 16 years old may not use such vehicles. They can also be used on sidewalks if it yields right of way to pedestrians.

Georgia

In Georgia, there are no clear, defined laws that refer to electric scooters and skateboards. The closest law comes from Georgia’s low-speed vehicles code. In this, it’s possible to consider them as either motor-driven cycles or electric personal assisted mobility devices (EPAMD).

Either way, the rider should stay away from sidewalks and ride only on bike lanes. Their treatment is similar to a vehicle unless the rider is walking with the vehicle in tow.

Hawaii

The State of Hawaii defines electric scooters and skateboards as toy devices and allowed on the sidewalks. They have the same rights and responsibilities as pedestrians.

Some e-scooters will qualify as electric personal assisted mobility devices (EPAMD). They have their restrictions as underscored by HRC 291C-134.5.

Idaho

Electric scooters and skateboards in Idaho don’t have clear definitions. These vehicles, however, go under referral as motorized cycles and toys. If the unit received manufacturing specifications for public roadways and sold by licensed dealers, it is a motorcycle.

It’s best to use your e-scooters with caution as much as you can. This can help prevent any possible issues with other pedestrians. Use common safety and traffic rules as a baseline when riding in public.

Illinois

Illinois has unclear laws concerning non-traditional vehicles like e-skateboards and e-scooters. The closest laws for such vehicles come from Chicago’s Ordinance 9-80-200. In this ordinance, it is illegal to ride toy vehicles on a sidewalk or roadway near a business district.

For Segway-style scooters, they are under the coverage of Sec. 1-117.7 as electric personal assistive mobility devices.

Indiana

Indiana law has specific details listed for Electric scooters as defined by House Bill 1649. The legislature defines e-scooters as:

  • Weighing less than 100 lbs (45.35 kg)
  • Travels on no more than three wheels
  • Uses handlebars and floorboards that the rider stands on
  • Powered by an electric motor no faster than 20 mph (32 km/h)
  • Are not motor-driven cycles, motor vehicle, or motorcycle

The law notes that electric scooters have the right to use bike lanes but not sidewalks. There are no specific laws about electric skateboards, so it’s best to follow common-sense traffic laws.

Iowa

In Iowa, there is a current bill that aims to define traffic laws specific to electric scooters. House Study Bill 38 went under the amendment and passed in Feb 2019. This treats e-scooters as bikes and given the same road and parking rights as bike users.

For e-skateboards, Traffic Code 76.03 asks riders to follow local ordinance laws for their use. If the rider dismounts, they have rights similar to pedestrians.

Kansas

Kansas is in the process of drafting new laws for electric scooters and skateboards. For e-scooters, they have a definition under the same grain as bicycles. In doing so, they should use the road and follow common road traffic rules.

The state encourages the use of helmets, and e-scooters should park in bicycle parking areas. A valid driver’s license is also a requirement. The state fosters riders to exercise the utmost care and sound safety judgments on the road.

There are no clear laws about e-skateboards, with officials defining them as “novelty.” Even then, future legislation is in the works to help distinguish them and provide rules. Exercising caution is the best course of action.

Kentucky

Under Kentucky law referencing to House Bill 258, Kentucky recognizes electric scooters and skateboards as motor scooters. Under this bill, the state considers them as bicycles and can use highways, bike lanes, or bike paths.

If the device is on a highway, they will receive treatment as motorcycles. In doing so, the user needs:

  • A valid driver’s license
  • Insurance
  • One headlamp and rear lamp during nighttime use
  • A helmet
  • To follow road rules and regulations

Parking follows the same rules as bicycles.

Louisiana

Electric scooters in Louisiana have laws defined by SB91 Act 258. It states that e-scooters can operate on sidewalks, bike lanes, and highways. An exception comes to business districts, parishes, or municipal governing authorities.

If used on a highway, they have the same rights and responsibilities as a vehicle driver. They need to wear a helmet if they are below 17 years old. They also need appropriate lights or reflective markings as warning devices.

For electric skateboards, there are no clear, defined laws or any legislation in Louisiana. It’s best to follow rules of the road and refer to any city ordinance if there are any.

Maine

In Maine, electric scooters and similar devices are under the definition of a bicycle. As such, they have the same rights and responsibilities as users of a bike. They can use bike lanes and should stay on the right side of the roads.

For electric skateboards, there are no clearly defined laws on the state level. Every city will have its ordinance, so it’s best to check on the city where you are.

Maryland

In Maryland, electric scooters are under the same definition as a bicycle for Maryland vehicle laws. House Bill 748 enacts the same rules and responsibilities as bicycles for electric scooters. The speed limit cannot go above 20 mph (32 km/h).

For electric skateboards, there are no set state-level rules and regulations. Every city will have its ordinance for the matter. It’s best to follow common-sense traffic laws as needed.

Massachusetts

While there are bills that are set to streamline electric scooter use in Massachusetts, there are no strong legislations that provide clear laws for or against them. They are under the umbrella of motorized scooters and operable only with a driver’s license. They are subject to local traffic laws, and their treatment will be that of a road vehicle.

There are also no set rules about electric skateboards in Massachusetts on a state-level. Every city will have a different ordinance for each.

Michigan

Michigan lists electric scooters in a singular provision under electric skateboards. Under MVC Section 257.13f, they define both as:

  • Floorboard designed no more than 60 x 18 inches (76.2 x 45.7 cm)
  • Designed to transport one person
  • An electric propulsion system no more than 2500 watts
  • Maximum speed no more than 25 mph (40 km/h)
  • May have handlebars
  • Can also work under human propulsion

They are usable only on streets and highways with a speed limit of 25 mph (40 km/h). For nighttime use, they should have the necessary front lights and rear reflectors. Front lights should be visible from 500 ft (152 m) and 600 ft (183 m) for reflectors.

Minnesota

Minnesota defines e-scooters as motorized foot scooters and classifies e-skateboards under the umbrella. Their operating rules are similar to bicycles, banning operation on sidewalks as per MN 169.225. The minimum operator age is 12 years old.

All motorized foot scooters should have headlights and reflectors at night. Their top speed should cap at 15 mph (24 km/h), and any rider under 18 years old should wear a helmet.

Mississippi

Mississippi doesn’t have laws that specify definitions for e-scooters and e-skateboards. Future bills intend to treat them as bikes, with the same limits and responsibilities. The same goes for e-skateboards, so the law encourages helmets and head protection.

E-scooters will follow basic common sense laws, much like their bicycle counterparts.

Missouri

The Missouri State Highway Patrol states that electric scooter riders need a valid driver’s license. They are operational on the streets and will follow common traffic laws. They also need to wear approved helmets for crash protection.

If your e-scooter travels faster than 30 mph (48 km/h), its definition becomes a motorcycle. It would need to follow all rules that pertain to motorcycles.

Montana

Montana does not allow electric scooters and skateboards to ride on the sidewalks. On a state level, they fall under motorized non-standard vehicles and are not for use in roadways. Every city can override these laws for their own needs.

So far, there are only a few cities and towns that are considering electric micromobility. These include areas like Missoula. It’s best to still follow common-sense safety and traffic laws in your area.

Nebraska

Nebraska prescribes micromobility vehicles to follow the rules of the road. If available, the state mandates they stay on bike lanes. Riding in sidewalks is unlawful.

Omaha follows rules of the road and is strict in its implementation.

Nevada

Nevada mandates users of electric scooters and skateboards to be at least 16 years old. They leave it to the city to set their laws for the use of such devices on their roads.

Las Vegas, in particular, defines micromobility devices as electric personal assistive mobility devices. This bans all micromobility devices from use within the city.

New Hampshire

Electric scooter users in New Hampshire should follow the rules of the road. They can only operate on the streets or bike lanes if available. They are not available for use on sidewalks or public walkways.

For electric skateboards, there is no specific legislation for this device. It’s best to follow rules of the road or local ordinance if available.

New Jersey

In New Jersey, SB 731 allows electric scooters with a top speed of 20 mph (32 km/h). They are regulated as basic bicycles and should use bike paths.

As for electric skateboards, they are under explicit ban under New Jersey law. Even then, there are reports of users receiving no problems when using them on bicycle lanes. It’s best to follow the same rules as electric scooters if you plan on riding one.

New Mexico

New Mexico does not have all-encompassing rules and regulations about micromobility vehicles. It is up to cities to regulate these and give their provisions.

Albuquerque, for example, requires users below 18 years old to use helmets. They are only usable on bike lanes and should follow the rules of the road.

New York

Owning your electric scooter in New York is legal, and state legislation approved them. Even then, the state leaves the jurisdiction to the cities, so rules vary from city to city. It is up to the local city council to provide local city ordinances.

There are no clear lines where electric skateboards go in New York’s legislature. Many users ride them almost anywhere with no regulation. It’s best to go around cities with safety and respect for road rules in mind.

North Carolina

North Carolina does not have specific legislation about electric scooters and skateboards. The state leaves it to the cities to enact its ordinance regarding the matter. City rules vary wildly, from cities with outright bans to cities that allow micromobility devices.

According to riders, electric skateboards are not under strict ruling in some cities. Many allow e-skateboarders to ride their devices on sidewalks and bike paths. It’s best to check with your locale and follow proper safety laws.

North Dakota

North Dakota defines electric scooters under the umbrella of motorized scooters. The top speed should be no more than 30 mph (48 km/h), and the user should have a valid license. The minimum age is 14 years old or older.

All riders need to have a helmet and should stay away from bike paths and sidewalks. They also need to follow the rules of the road and have brakes, taillights, and headlights. There are no definite rules for electric skateboards, so it’s best to refer to your local city ordinance.

Ohio

Ohio passed House Bill 62 that, among other things, regulates electric scooters. Under the bill, the minimum user age is 16 years old and above. It excludes them from state registration, insurance, and other requirements for vehicles.

Electric scooters cannot go over 15 mph (24 km/h) but are usable anywhere. Riders are to yield to pedestrians at all times and provide an audible signal. They need to abide by local traffic laws and should only park in areas that don’t impede traffic.

Electric skateboards are under regulation at the city-level. It’s best to refer to the local ordinance for their legality in Ohio. Some places, like Cincinnati, outright bans e-skateboards.

Oklahoma

Oklahoma does not have state laws that abide by electric scooters and skateboards. Individual cities pass their rules and ordinances regarding the details of any ban.

In OKC, electric scooters cannot operate on sidewalks, and riders need to wear a helmet. In Tulsa, e-scooters are ok to use anywhere except in high-pedestrian, low-speed traffic areas.

Oregon

Oregon has specific requirements for using electric scooters. These include using them only on bike lanes with a max allowed speed of 15 mph (24 km/h). They need to have a max output of 1000 W, and the rider needs to be at least 16 years old.

There are no specific rules about electric skateboards. Laws list skateboarders as pedestrians and allow its use anywhere with limited restrictions. Check with your local city ordinances for more specific rules.

Pennsylvania

Pennsylvania has legislation in development concerning e-scooters and micromobility. Once passed, the bill will set electric scooters with the same laws as bicycles. The state outlaws the use of electric scooters on roads and sidewalks.

For electric skateboards, they qualify as e-bike per their wattage and power. As per law, they should not exceed 20 mph (32 km/h) with 750 W or less in power.

Rhode Island

Rhode Island is in the middle of its pilot program for electric scooters. It requires riders to have driver’s licenses and be rideable on sidewalks and streets. Riders should follow rules of the road, go slow, and wear a helmet.

As for electric skateboards, they qualify under RIGL 31-1-3.(g) and 31-1-3.(s). The statutes list them as motor vehicles and subject to rules and regulations for them.

South Carolina

Electric scooters in South Carolina qualify as e-bike per their wattage and power. As per law, they should not exceed 750 W or less in power. Riders are to follow the rules of the road. Cities, however, have the power to override the law as needed.

Electric skateboards don’t have any specific regulations and are subject to local state ordinances.

South Dakota

Electric scooters classify as mopeds under South Dakota Law. Moped laws require users to have a driver’s license or a motorcycle permit. Anyone 18 years old or below should wear a helmet and eye protection.

E-scooters are not usable on sidewalks and high-speed highways. They will follow all rules of the road applicable to motorcycles. While they don’t need registration and titling, the rider needs to have insurance.

Electric skateboards don’t have any specific regulations and are subject to local state ordinances.

Tennessee

Tennessee is in its pilot program for electric scooters and is initiating legislation for the vehicles. Riding e-scooters need users to be at least 18 years old and have a valid driver’s license. Sidewalks are a no-go in business districts, and riders should always yield to pedestrians.

Tennessee’s SB1107 is looking to amend current legislation. Electric skateboards have specific rules in every city and subject to city ordinance. Many areas of Nashville, for example, don’t allow skateboarding on public walkways and roads.

Texas

Texas has no statewide legislation regarding electric scooters and skateboards. The state classifies them as micromobility or dockless vehicles. Every city is considering a pilot program to understand its impact.

For example, Dallas legalized e-scooters to a certain extent. San Antonio, Austin, Houston, and Corpus Christi have their pilot programs and local laws too.

Utah

Utah’s 2019 SB0139 lists electric scooters as motor-assisted scooters. It defines them as:

  • At least two wheels in contact to the ground
  • A braking system
  • Electric motor not exceeding 2000 watts
  • Either handlebars and deck design for one person to stand on or handlebars with a seat
  • Can be propelled by human power alone
  • Top speed of 20 mph (32 km/h)

Motor assisted scooters are available for ages 18 and above and can pass areas where laws allow bicycles. For e-skateboards, riders have no issues with the law as long as they follow common sense traffic rules.

Vermont

Vermont has no clear legislation for both e-scooters and e-skateboards. Some cities are in their pilot programs to understand the impact of micromobility in their cities.

In Burlington, e-scooters and the like will follow rules of the road. They will go on roadways instead of sidewalks and will adjust legislation as it goes by.

Virginia

Virginia Code 46.2-908.1 specifies ground rules with both electric scooters and skateboards. These include:

  • Top speed of 20 mph (32 km/h)
  • Riders must be 14 years old or above
  • Anyone below 14 years old should have immediate supervision of a person at least 18 years old
  • Usability in highways with speeds below 25 mph (40 km/h)
  • Use in crosswalks for the sake of crossing

Electric micromobility vehicles are unusable on interstate highways unless pedestrian facilities are available.

Washington

RCW 46.04.336 defines electric scooters as motorized foot scooters. They are unusable in sidewalks and can go to most areas allowed for bicycles. Users should wear bicycle helmets and cannot exceed 20 mph (32 km/h).

Electric skateboards are not under regulation in Washington State. Skateboard users are pedestrians by law and cannot use bike lanes.

West Virginia

Electric scooters have no clear definition under West Virginia law. The closest rules classify them as mopeds but miss critical requirements.

There are also no clear legislations about electric skateboards in West Virginia. It’s best to exercise common sense safety and follow the rules of the road.

Wisconsin

Wisconsin passed 2019 Senate Bill 159 that treats e-scooters like a bicycle. This affords riders the same privileges and responsibilities as bicycle users. In some areas, sidewalks and bike paths are fair game for e-scooters.

Electric skateboards don’t have any specific regulations and are subject to local state ordinances.

Wyoming

Wyoming does not have any laws or definitions that fit electric scooters. Electric skateboards don’t have any specific regulations and are subject to local state ordinances.

Conclusion

Electric scooters and skateboards are catching up in use and value. Electric scooter and skateboard laws in America are looking to understand the use of new transportation. If states can figure out the best rules that fit their constituents, they can take advantage.

Right now, both e-scooters and e-skateboards are new technology. If ever laws catch up enough, people will see the value of micromobility in their lives. Until then, it’s best to keep common-sense safety laws to heart.

The last update on May 2020

Mike Reyes

I'm Mike Reyes, a guy behind eDrivePlanet.com. I have a background in electrical engineering and I was interested into technology since my early age. My passion is sustainable transport and energy, and my objective is to make eDrive Planet a pillar of the electric vehicles industry with hopefully millions of site visitors each year. I am counting on you, please spread the voice!

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